Pig Rearing

The pig rearing project helps 20 women and their families to escape extreme poverty in the community of Isulu. With the generated income families can now afford nutritious food, school fees and a better home. 

Local solution

With starting a pig rearing business, 20 women – including widows, orphans and single mothers –  will gain an income that enables them to afford nutritious food, take their children to school and build or repair decent houses.

It is something very much needed in the community of Isulu, located in Ikolomani sub-county, in Western Kenya. Ikolomani sub-county is the second poorest sub-county in Kenya. Over half of its population lives below the poverty line. Low-income limits individuals’ access to necessities like food, shelter and healthcare. Poor households fall victim to diseases like malaria, malnutrition and jigger infestation more easily, affecting children’s education, as well as adult’s income generating possibilities. If such scenarios are not interrupted, a cycle of poverty is created generation after generation.

Pig rearing is a viable means to provide income to those earning less than a dollar a day. Pig rearing does not require one to have a large piece of land, pigs mature faster than other livestock, and there is a big and ready market for pig products, such as pork, sausages, and bacon. Besides, the farmer can feed pigs almost everything, including roughage, kitchen garbage, and agricultural waste, reducing feeding costs.

Recipients are involved in the project from start to end, including identifying the challenges (e.g. lack of jobs and income-generating activities), deciding how best to solve the challenge (i.e. the majority felt that a livelihood project, particularly pig rearing, was necessary to help them reduce the poverty they faced) and choosing the preferred breed of piglets to be reared.

Lives improved

All 20 recipients will earn an income from selling piglets and mature pigs.  A mature pig sells for around Ksh. 9,000 (or €70) in the area. If a beneficiary raises all the eight piglets to maturity, the family could earn about Ksh. 72, 000 (or €560) in less than a year, which equals around 5 months of minimum wage in Kenya.

The additional steady income will enable the participating women to afford basic needs, including food (a well-balanced diet), adequate clothing, children’s education and family’s healthcare. More so, extra income can be used to improve existing housing or construct a new one. And eventually, expanding or acquiring new businesses, helping to eradicate poverty.

Community impact 

After the piglets mature and the sow gives birth to another 10 piglets, the 20 recipients will donate two piglets to another 20 recipients and rear the remaining eight piglets to maturity or sell some of the piglets. This cycle will continue to a point where the project provides two piglets to 80 beneficiaries (to be reared) in two years, providing income to 400 family members and eradicating extreme poverty.

Budget

The project costs for 20 women are Ksh 365,000 (or €2,832). The donations will enable us to support more farmers to successfully start pig farming, whom we have not yet reached due to limited funds. The donations will be used for:

  • Buy two hybrid breed piglets (one male and one female) for each of the 20 recipients.
  • Transport the piglets from the breeder to the farmers.
  • De-worming and vaccination for each of the piglets.
  • A business management consultant to train the recipients on how to manage the business side of the pig rearing venture and how to invest income from pig rearing.
  • Follow-up visits immediately after group training to ensure farmers apply the techniques they’ve learned during training.
  • An agricultural officer and veterinary officer, who work closely with the recipients and help monitor the pigs and provide regular extension services like vaccination and de-worming to prevent animal diseases.
  • Feed supplements to boost the growth of the pigs.
  • Conduct baseline and endline surveys among farmers to help measure impact.
  • Project staff allowances, transport, and training materials (around 15% of total project costs).

Testimonials

  • Before OLCAP supported me, I struggled to provide basic needs, like food and clothing for my family. Sometimes my family went without food for several days. After being supported to start pig farming, I was able to rear the two donated piglets to maturity. After the sow gave birth to 10 piglets, I donated two to a second beneficiary and sold seven piglets. The money helped me to buy nutritious food and clothing for my family. I was also able to use some of the income to repair the house. Angela currently has two mature pigs, a medium-sized one, and nine piglets (a few days old – born on 15/8/2021) from one of the mature pigs. After weaning the piglets, she intends to sell seven and keep one to rear to maturity. This will continue to provide regular income for Angela and her family, enabling them to afford basic needs.

    Angela, OLCAP recipient, a single mother of two children

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    Project Details

    • Project:
      Pig Rearing
    • NGO:
      OLCAP
    • Location:
      Kenya
    • Start date:
      January 1, 2022
    • End date:
      June 30, 2022

    About OLCAP

    OLCAP’s mission is to reduce the burden of poverty and improve the quality of life of people living in rural areas in Kenya. We will use this first-hand experience and expertise to ensure that the project is successful and contributes to poverty reduction among the beneficiaries, their families, and the community.

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